Jay Johannigman of Cincinnati explains medical trauma

Medical Trauma – What is it and How is it Treated?

If you have ever directly or indirectly experienced trauma, you have some knowledge of what trauma is, how trauma feels, and how trauma may have a lasting effect after the conclusion of a specific incident. In this article Jay Johannigman, Texas-based military trauma surgeon and former trauma and critical care surgeon at the University of Cincinnati Medical Center in Cincinnati, Ohio, explains the stages of Medical Trauma.

The issue of trauma appears to be pervasive in the media, particularly in light of the horrible human experiences of war, terrorism, mass shootings, natural catastrophes, disease outbreaks, and domestic abuse.

Medical Trauma and Treatment

Trauma refers to the injuries sustained when a person is subjected to a blunt force or a piercing trauma. Level 1 Trauma may also be referred to as “serious trauma.” Many trauma patients have been involved in automobile accidents, stabbings, and gunshot wounds. Falls, crush injuries, and people being hit by a car can all result in trauma.

Internal organs, bones, the brain, and other soft parts of the body can all be affected by traumatic traumas. No part of the body is immune to stress, although trauma can range from small (like striking your finger with a hammer) to serious (like a car accident) (being hit by a car traveling at a high rate of speed or falling off of a building).

Trauma surgery is the discipline of surgery that deals with the treatment of injuries produced by an impact. A trauma surgeon like Jay Johannigman, for example, could be summoned to the emergency department to assess a patient who has been involved in a vehicle accident.

Performing Trauma Surgery

The trauma team will include not just one or more surgeons, but also paramedics who stabilize and transfer the patient, nurses, anesthetists, respiratory therapists, radiographers, and medical laboratory scientists, including the blood donors.

In the case of severe trauma, such as a car accident, the trauma surgeon may be one of several members of a surgical team that includes general surgeons (to repair internal abdominal injuries), vascular surgeons (to repair blood vessel damage), orthopedic surgeons (to repair broken bones), and other physicians as needed.

Surgeons must have significant schooling in order to work in their chosen specialty. As with other physicians, they first get a bachelor’s degree before enrolling in medical school for four years. General surgeons must complete five years of surgical training as a residency. Surgeons who choose to specialize must complete the same five-year residency, followed by extra years of training in the field of specialty. 3 Trauma surgery fellowships typically last one to two years. Trauma surgeons like Jay Johannigman frequently complete a critical care residency. They take the boards to get certified in Surgical Critical Care.

The Treatment Process

A trauma surgeon’s abilities and tasks differ from those of an emergency care doctor. When you go to the emergency department for any reason, the doctor will see you, stabilize your situation, evaluate you, and prescribe testing and imaging investigations. She will notify the appropriate specialists, which may include the trauma surgeon. The ER doctor’s role includes admitting you or releasing you with appropriate treatment and follow-up recommendations.

If your condition necessitates trauma surgery, you will be transferred to a trauma surgeon, who will serve as your provider. They will not only conduct the operation, but he/she and their colleagues will also monitor your recuperation, rehabilitation, and discharge. 5 When you require emergency surgery, you may be treated in the facility where you came, or you may be transferred to a center that has the experts you require. It is possible that the trauma surgeon will not be available to examine you until you arrive at her institution.

The trauma surgeon is frequently in charge of deciding which of your injuries will be treated first and setting the order of the diagnostic and surgical procedures.

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